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 5793 Mood - Optative

     The optative mood is generally used in the so-called
     "fourth-class" conditions which express a wish or desire for
     an action to occur in which the completion of such is
     doubtful.  By the time of the New Testament, the optative mood
     was beginning to disappear from spoken and written Greek, and
     such rarely occurs in the New Testament.

     In a few cases, verbs in the optative mood stand apart from a
     conditional clause to express the strongest possible wish
     regarding an event.  The most common of these appears in the
     phrase "mh genoito" (AV, "God forbid"; NKJV "Certainly not").

—Greek Word Study (Grammatical Reference)

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